Effect of daily consumption of extra virgin olive oil on the lipid profile and microbiota of HIV-infected patients over 50 years of age
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AuthorOlalla, Julián; Chueca-Porcuna, Natalia; Salazar, Adolfo de; Plaza Díaz, Julio; García, Federico
Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
AgingCholesterolExtra-virgin olive oilMicrobiota
Olalla, J., de Lomas, J. M. G., Chueca, N., Pérez-Stachowski, X., De Salazar, A., Del Arco, A., ... & Fernández-Sánchez, F. (2019). Effect of daily consumption of extra virgin olive oil on the lipid profile and microbiota of HIV-infected patients over 50 years of age. Medicine, 98(42).
SponsorshipThis work was financed in part by Grants from Plan Nacional de I+D+I and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional-FEDER (RD16/0025/0040; http:// www.isciii.es/isciii/es/contenidos/fd-investigacion/fd-ejecucion/fd-centrosparticipados/ centros-participados-redesretics.shtml) and Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (PI 18/00819).
Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) has shown beneficial effects on the lipid profile and inflammatory parameters in general population. Our goal is to analyze these changes together with those of intestinal microbiota in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients over 50 years of age. Total cholesterol decreased significantly (5 mg/dL), and a nonsignificant decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (12 mg/dL), triglycerides (21 mg/dL), and CRP (1.25 mg/dL) was observed. There was a significant increase in alpha diversity after the intervention in men and a decrease in proinflammatory genera such as Dethiosulfovibrionaceae was observed. Differences were also observed in the microbiota of men and women and according to the type of antiretroviral treatment. Sustained consumption of 50g of EVOO in elderly HIV-infected patients might be associated with an improvement in lipid profile and alfa diversity of intestinal microbiota.