Phenomic and Genomic Characterization of a Mutant Platform in Cucurbita pepo
MetadataShow full item record
Cucurbita pepoMutant platformHigh-throughput screeningEthylene oxide
García A, Aguado E, Parra G, Manzano S, Martínez C, Megías Z, Cebrián G, Romero J, Beltrán S, Garrido D and Jamilena M (2018) Phenomic and Genomic Characterization of a Mutant Platform in Cucurbita pepo. Front. Plant Sci. 9:1049.
SponsorshipThis work has been supported by grants AGL2014-54598-C2- 1-R and AGL2017-82885-C2-1-R, partly funded by the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund) and by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and grant P12-AGR-1423, funded by Junta de Andalucía, Spain.
The Cucurbita pepo genome comprises 263 Mb and 34,240 gene models organized in 20 different chromosomes. To improve our understanding of gene function we have generated an EMS mutant platform, consisting of 3,751 independent M2 families. The quality of the collection has been evaluated based on phenotyping and wholegenome re-sequencing (WGS) results. The phenotypic evaluation of the whole platform at seedling stage has demonstrated that the rate of variation for easily observable traits is more than 10%. The percentage of families with albino or chlorotic seedlings exceeded 3%, similar or higher to that found in other EMS collections of cucurbit crops. A rapid screening of the library for triple ethylene response in etiolated seedlings allowed the identification of four ethylene-insensitive mutants, that were found to be semidominant (ein1, ein2, and ein3) or dominant (EIN4). By evaluating 4 adult plants from 300 independent families more than 28% of apparent mutations were found for vegetative and reproductive traits, including plant vigor, leaf size and shape, sex expression and sex determination, and fruit set and development. Two pools of genomic DNA derived from 20 plants of two mutant families were subjected to WGS by using NGS methodology, estimating the density, spectrum, distribution and impact of EMS induced mutation.