Reduction in the levels of CoQ biosynthetic proteins is related to an increase in lifespan without evidence of hepatic mitohormesis
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AuthorHidalgo Rodríguez, María Del Carmen; Luna-Sánchez, Marta; Hidalgo-Gutiérrez, Agustín; Barriocanal-Casado, Eliana; Mascaraque Molina, Cristina; Acuña Castroviejo, Darío; Rivera, Margarita; Escames Rosa, Germaine; López, Luis
Rodríguez-Hidalgo, M., Luna-Sánchez, M., Hidalgo-Gutiérrez, A., Barriocanal-Casado, E., Mascaraque, C., Acuña-Castroviejo, D., ... & López, L. C. (2018). Reduction in the levels of CoQ biosynthetic proteins is related to an increase in lifespan without evidence of hepatic mitohormesis. Scientific reports, 8(1), 14013.
SponsorshipThis work was supported by grants from Ministerio de Economía Competitividad, Spain, and the ERDF (Grant Number SAF2015-65786-R), from the Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo, Junta de Andalucía (grant number P10-CTS-6133) and from the University of Granada (grant reference “UNETE”, UCE-PP2017-06). AHG is a “FPU fellow” from the Ministerio de Educación Cultura y Deporte, Spain. MLS was a predoctoral fellow from the Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo, Junta de Andalucía. LCL was supported by the “Ramón y Cajal” National Programme, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain (RYC-2011-07643).
Mitohormesis is an adaptive response induced by a mild mitochondrial stress that promotes longevity and metabolic health in different organisms. This mechanism has been proposed as the cause of the increase in the survival in Coq7+/− (Mclk1+/−) mice, which show hepatic reduction of COQ7, early mitochondrial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Our study shows that the lack of COQ9 in Coq9Q95X mice triggers the reduction of COQ7, COQ6 and COQ5, which results in an increase in life expectancy. However, our results reveal that the hepatic CoQ levels are not decreased and, therefore, neither mitochondrial dysfunction or increased oxidative stress are observed in liver of Coq9Q95X mice. These data point out the tissue specific differences in CoQ biosynthesis. Moreover, our results suggest that the effect of reduced levels of COQ7 on the increased survival in Coq9Q95X mice may be due to mitochondrial mechanisms in non-liver tissues or to other unknown mechanisms.