Spatial Relationships between mobility opportunities and constraints of transport disadvantages: the case of Santiago de Cali, Colombia
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Public transport provisionMobility opportunitiesTransport disadvantagesTransport social needs
GRINDLAY, A. L., JARAMILLO, C., & LIZÁRRAGA, C. (2017). SPATIAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN MOBILITY OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS OF TRANSPORT DISADVANTAGES: THE CASE OF SANTIAGO DE CALI, COLOMBIA. WIT Transactions on The Built Environment, 176, 119-129.
The objective of this paper is to explore the spatial distribution of the mobility opportunities linked to the access of the population to the public transport system and its transport disadvantages constraints in relation to socio-economic variables of the districts and estimated local public transport needs. It focuses on the third most populated urban area in Colombia, the metropolitan area of Santiago de Cali. The analysis uses and correlates two spatialized indexes. The index of social transport needs and the index of public transport provision are calculated, both in absolute and relative terms. A statistical analysis has been made, and a spatial analysis of distribution in term of standard deviation. Both indexes were contrasted in absolute and relative terms, and they were spatially studied in a cartography that showed the balance between supply and need in each zone. Lastly, correlation coefficients such as Pearson and Spearman were calculated along with levels of significance to validate the results. The results revealed that distribution of the indexes, the absolute transport social needs and the relative public transport provision, presents a normal distribution, in contrast to the other two indicators.