Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Improves Performance-Related Parameters in Runners
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AuthorAmaro Gahete, Francisco José; De la o Puerta, Alejandro; Sánchez-Delgado, Guillermo; Robles-Gonzalez, Lidia; Jurado-Fasoli, Lucas; Ruiz Ruiz, Jonatan; Gutiérrez Sáinz, Ángel
WB-EMSVO2maxRunning economyRecreational runnersPhysical enduranceDetraining
Amaro-Gahete FJ, De-la-O A, Sanchez-Delgado G, Robles-Gonzalez L, Jurado-Fasoli L, Ruiz JR and Gutierrez A (2018) Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Improves Performance-Related Parameters in Runners. Front. Physiol. 9:1576.
SponsorshipThe study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education (FPU 13/04365, FPU14/04172, and FPU15/03960). The study was partially supported by the University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigación 2016, Excellence actions: Units of Excellence; Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES). This study was also partially supported byWiemspro, Spain.
The aim of this study was to study the effects of a 6-session (one per week) WB-EMS training intervention on maximum oxygen uptake, aerobic and gas exchange thresholds, running economy, and muscular power in male recreational runners. Twelve men were randomized into WB-EMS intervention (n = 6; 27.0 +/- 7.5 years; 70.1 +/- 11.1 kg; 1.75 +/- 0.5 m) or control (n = 6; 27.0 +/- 6.1 years; 73.6 +/- 3.4 kg; 1.77 +/- 0.3 m). The WB-EMS group reduced the running training frequency to one per week and followed one WB-EMS training session per week during 6 weeks. Participants in the control group maintained their usual running endurance training. Each participant completed four assessments: physiological parameters [(i) VO(2)max, aerobic and gas exchange threshold values, and (ii) running economy at two intensities], muscular power (vertical jump), and anthropometric parameters both at baseline and after the intervention. Participants in the WB-EMS group improved VO(2)max, aerobic and gas exchange threshold values, running economy, and vertical jump (p < 0.05) compared to the control group. There, WB-EMS seems to be an effective training methodology leading to improvements in performance during endurance training volume reduction in male recreational runners.