Non-Stick Coatings in Aluminium Molds for the Production of Polyurethane Foam
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AuthorSánchez-Urbano, Francisco; Paz-Gómez, Guillermo; Rodríguez-Alabanda, Óscar; Romero, Pablo E.; Cabrerizo Vílchez, Miguel Ángel; Rodríguez Valverde, Miguel Ángel; Guerrero Vaca, Guillermo Rafael
Non-stick coatingsPolyurethane foamAluminium moldsFEPPFARTV silicone rubberSol-gel
Sánchez-Urbano, F.[et al.]. Non-Stick Coatings in Aluminium Molds for the Production of Polyurethane Foam. Coatings 2018, 8, 301; doi:10.3390/coatings8090301.
SponsorshipThis study was funded by the European Fund for Regional Development, the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of the Government of Spain and the Centre for Industrial Technological Development (CDTI) (nº ITC-2015237), as well as by Project for Excellence Andalusian Research Plan (P12-FQM-1443).
The manufacturing of polyurethane foam is a process of great industrial importance in the automotive and furniture sector. The operation of demolding is the most delicate, since the foam sticks firmly to the walls of the mold onto which it has spread. In order to avoid the use of demolding agents, the proposal is to coat the inside of the molds with non-stick coatings. In this work, three types of different coatings were studied: fluoropolymers, ceramics, and elastomers. After carrying out different tests in the laboratory, two fluoropolymer coatings (PFA (perfluoroalkoxy) and PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene)) were selected for a test at the industrial level and, after 1500 cycles of demolding, it was experimentally proven that the PFA coating is the most adequate for the use studied.