LAB Bacteriocins Controlling the Food Isolated (Drug-Resistant) Staphylococci
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AuthorPerales-Adán, Jesús; Rubiño, Susana; Martínez Bueno, Manuel; Valdivia Martínez, Dolores Eva; Montalbán-López, Manuel; Cebrián, Rubén; Maqueda Abreu, Mercedes
Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB), Spain
StaphylococcusAntimicrobial susceptibilityBacteriocinsSynergyAntibiotic resistanceAS-48Nisin
Perales-Adán J, Rubiño S, Martínez-Bueno M, Valdivia E, Montalbán-López M, Cebrián R and Maqueda M (2018) LAB Bacteriocins Controlling the Food Isolated (Drug-Resistant) Staphylococci. Front. Microbiol. 9:1143. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/54822]
SponsorshipThis research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (SAF2013-48971-C2-1-R project), including funds from the European Regional Development Fundings (ERDF) and the Research Group General (BIO160, UGR)
Staphylococci are a group of microorganisms that can be often found in processed food and theymight pose a risk for human health. In this study we have determined the content of staphylococci in 7 different fresh goat-milk cheeses. These bacteria were present in all of them, ranging from 103 to 106 CFU/g based on growth on selective media. Thus, a set of 97 colonies was randomly picked for phenotypic and genotypic identification. They could be clustered by RAPD-PCR in 10 genotypes, which were assigned by 16S rDNA sequencing to four Staphylococcus species: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus chromogenes, S. simulans, and S. xylosus. Representative strains of these species (n = 25) were tested for antibiotic sensitivity, and 11 of them were resistant to at least one of the antibiotics tested, including erythromycin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and oxacillin. We also tested two bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB), namely the circular bacteriocin AS-48 and the lantibiotic nisin. These peptides have different mechanism of action at the membrane level. Nevertheless, both were able to inhibit staphylococci growth at low concentrations ranging between 0.16–0.73μM for AS-48 and 0.02–0.23μM for nisin, including the strains that displayed antibiotic resistance. The combined effect of these bacteriocins were tested and the fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) was calculated. Remarkably, upon combination, they were active at the low micromolar range with a significant reduction of the minimal inhibitory concentration. Our data confirms synergistic effect, either total or partial, between AS-48 and nisin for the control of staphylococci and including antibiotic resistant strains. Collectively, these results indicate that the combined use of AS-48 and nisin could help controlling (pathogenic) staphylococci in food processing and preventing antibiotic-resistant strains reaching the consumer in the final products.