Quality Management Initiatives in Europe: an Empirical Analysis according to Their Structural Elements
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Taylor and Francis
Quality ManagementImplementationQM practicesEFQMSix SigmaISOQuality Control
Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, L.; Tamayo-Torres, I.; Barrales-Molina, V. Quality Management Initiatives in Europe: an Empirical Analysis according to Their Structural Elements. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence. 21(6): 577-601 (2010). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35841]
In recent years, managers have opted for implementing Quality Management in their firms. The market offers different alternatives for QM implementation, such as EFQM model, ISO standards, Malcolm Baldrige or the recent Six Sigma methodology. Implementation difficulty of each initiative varies from case to case. This article designs a criterion for choosing among four alternatives (Quality Control, EFQM, Six Sigma and ISO 9000), according to the degree of development required for the elements that structure the alternatives. To do so, using an ANOVA analysis and mean comparison T-tests, it analyses 234 organizations in Europe that have implemented the four alternatives mentioned and observes the degree of development of nine of the elements that compose them. From the research, one can conclude that Quality Control is the simplest initiative, followed by ISO 9000 and, finally, the EFQM model and Six Sigma methodology.