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dc.contributor.authorNavarro Nieva, Azahara
dc.contributor.authorMoral García, Ana Isabel Del 
dc.contributor.authorDe Pablos, Irene
dc.contributor.authorDelgado Calvo-Flores, Rafael 
dc.contributor.authorPárraga Martínez, Jesús Francisco 
dc.contributor.authorMartín García, Juan Manuel 
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Checa Barrero, Fernando José
dc.identifier.citationNavarro, A.; del Moral, A.; de Pablos, I.; Delgado, R.; Párraga, J.; Martín-García, J.M.; Martínez-Checa, F. Microorganisms Isolated from Saharan Dust Intrusions in the Canary Islands and Processes of Mineral Atmospherogenesis. Appl. Sci. 2024, 14, 1862.
dc.description.abstractGlobal warming due to climate change has increased the frequency of sand and dust storms that affect air quality and ecosystems in general, contributing to air pollution. The Sahara Desert is the most potent emitter of atmospheric dust. The atmosphere is an extreme environment and microorganisms living in the troposphere are exposed to greater ultraviolet radiation, desiccation, low temperatures and nutrient deprivation than in other habitats. The Iberian Peninsula, and specifically the Canary Islands—due to its strategic location—is one of the regions that receive more Saharan dust particles annually, increasing year after year, although culturable microorganisms had previously never been described. In the present work, dust samples were collected from three calima events in the Canary Islands between 2021 and 2022. The sizes, mineralogical compositions and chemical compositions of dust particles were determined by laser diffraction, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Particle morphology and biological features were also studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The mineral–bacteria interactions were described from microscopic observations, which revealed the presence of iberulites and small neoformed kaolinite crystals in association with bacteria. This article defines the term “mineral atmospherogenesis” and its variant, “mineral bioatmospherogenesis”, through microbial interaction. This is the first described case of kaolinite produced through mineral bioatmospherogenesis. The bacterial growth in atmospheric dust was illustrated in SEM images, constituting a novel finding. Twenty-three culturable microorganisms were isolated and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. Members of the phyla Pseudomonadota, Bacillota and Actinomycetota have been found. Some of these microorganisms, such as Peribacillus frigoritolerans, have Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) properties. Potential human pathogenic bacteria such as Acinetobacter lwoffii were also found. The presence of desert dust and iberulites in the Canary Islands, together with transported biological components such as bacteria, could have a significant impact on the ecosystem and human health.es_ES
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
dc.subjectSaharan dustes_ES
dc.subjectCanary Islandses_ES
dc.titleMicroorganisms isolated from Saharan dust intrusions in the Canary Islands and processes of mineral atmospherogenesises_ES

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