Optimized Profile Retrievals of Aerosol Microphysical Properties from Simulated Spaceborne Multiwavelength Lidar
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AuthorPérez Ramírez, Daniel; Whiteman, D. N.; Veselovskii, I.; Korenski, M; Colarco, P.R; da Silva, A.
Published version: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 246 (2020) 106932
SponsorshipMarie Skłodowska-Curie Research Innovation and Staff Exchange(RISE) GRASP-ACE (grant agreement No 778349)
This work is an expanded study of one previously published on retrievals of aerosol microphysical properties from space-borne multiwavelength lidar measurements. The earlier studies and this one were done in the framework of the NASA Aerosol-Clouds-Ecosystems (now the Aerosol Clouds Convection and Precipitation) NASA mission. The focus here is on the capabilities of a simulated spaceborne multiwavelength lidar system for retrieving aerosol complex refractive index (m = mr + imi) and spectral single scattering albedo (SSA(λ)), although other bulk parameters such as effective (reff) radius and particle volume (V) and surface (S) concentrations are also studied. The novelty presented here is the use of recently published, case-dependent optimized-constraints on the microphysical retrievals using three backscattering coefficients (β) at 355, 532 and 1064 nm and two extinction coefficients (α) at 355 and 532 nm, typically known as the stand-alone 3β + 2α lidar inversion. Case-dependent optimized-constraints (CDOC) limit the ranges of refractive index, both real (mr) and imaginary (mi) parts, and of radii that are permitted in the retrievals. Such constraints are selected directly from the 3β + 2α measurements through an analysis of the relationship between spectral dependence of aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratios (LR) and the Ångström exponent of extinction. The analyses presented here for different sets of size distributions and refractive indices reveal that the direct determination of CDOC are only feasible for cases where the uncertainties in the input optical data are less than 15%. For the same simulated spaceborne system and yield than in Whiteman et al., (2018), we demonstrated that the use of CDOC as essential for the retrievals of refractive index and also largely improved retrieval of bulk parameters. A discussion of the global representativeness of CDOC is presented using simulated lidar data from a 24 h satellite track using GEOS model output to initialize the lidar simulator. We found that CDOC are representative of many aerosol mixtures in spite of some outliers (e.g. highly hydrated particles) associated with the assumptions of bimodal size distributions and of the same refractive index for fine and coarse modes. Moreover, sensitivity tests performed using synthetic data reveal that retrievals of imaginary refractive index (mi) and SSA are extremely sensitive to β(355).