Academics’ perceptions regarding performance evaluations and the consequences for their professional and personal activity
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Emerald Group Publishing Ltd
QualityAccountabilityAcademics’ performance evaluationsAcademics perceptionBologna processConsequencesQuantitative study
Mula-Falcón, J., & Caballero, K. (2023). Academics' perceptions regarding performance evaluations and the consequences for their professional and personal activity. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education.[DOI 10.1108/JARHE-05-2023-0183]
SponsorshipFEDER/Junta de Andalucia-Consejeria de Transformacion Economica, Industria, Conocimiento y Universidades/El Profesorado Novel en las Universidades Andaluzas B_SEJ-534-UGR20; State Research Agency; Spanish Government PID2019-105631GA-I00; University of Granada INV-IGU199-2022; Ministry of Universities (Spain) through the University Teacher Training Grants Programme FPU19/00942
Purpose – Improving and assuring the quality of higher education has become a key element of policy agendas worldwide. To this end, a complete accountability system has been developed through various evaluation procedures. Specifically, this study analyzes the perceptions of university teaching staff on the impact of performance appraisal systems on their professional activity, health and personal lives. Design/methodology/approach – The study adopted a nonexperimental descriptive and causalcomparative design using a questionnaire that was completed by a sample of 2,183 Spanish teachers. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics and comparisons of differences. Findings – The results show that, according to teachers, the evaluation criteria undermine the quality of their work by encouraging them to neglect teaching, increase scientific production and engage in unethical research practices. Their views also emphasize the social and health-related consequences of an increasingly competitive work climate, including increased stress levels. Finally, significant differences are observed regarding gender, professional category and academic discipline, with women, junior faculty and social sciences teachers expressing particularly strong views. Originality/value – The originality of this study lies in the application of a method that contributes to the international debate through a national perspective (Spain) that has so far received little attention.