Histological assessment of nanostructured fibrin-agarose skin substitutes grafted in burnt patients. A time-course study
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AuthorMartín Piedra, Miguel Ángel; Carmona, Gloria; Campos Sánchez, Fernando; Carriel Araya, Víctor; Fernández González, Ana; Campos Muñoz, Antonio Jesús; Cuende Melero, Natividad; Garzón Bello, Ingrid Johanna; Alaminos Mingorance, Miguel
Artificial skinBurnt patientsHistologyTissue engineering
Martin‐Piedra, M. A., Carmona, G., Campos, F., Carriel, V., Fernández‐González, A., Campos, A., ... & Alaminos, M. (2023). Histological assessment of nanostructured fibrin‐agarose skin substitutes grafted in burnt patients. A time‐course study. Bioengineering & Translational Medicine, e10572.[DOI10.1002/btm2.10572]
SponsorshipConsejería de Salud y Familias, Junta de Andalucía; Grant/Award Numbers: PE- 0395-2019, PI-0458-2016; Consejería de Transformación Económica, Industria,; Conocimiento y Universidades, Grant/Award Number: B-CTS-450-UGR20; Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Grant/Award Number: AC17/00013
A previously developed fibrin-agarose skin model—UGRSKIN—showed promising clinical results in severely burnt patients. To determine the histological parameters associated to the biocompatibility and therapeutic effects of this model, we carried out a comprehensive structural and ultrastructural study of UGRSKIN grafted in severely burnt patients after 3 months of follow-up. The grafted epidermis was analogue to native human skin from day 30th onward, revealing well-structured strata with well-differentiated keratinocytes expressing CK5, CK8, CK10, claudin, plakoglobin, filaggrin, and involucrin in a similar way to controls, suggesting that the epidermis was able to mature and differentiate very early. Melanocytes and Langerhans cells were found from day 30th onward, together with a basement membrane, abundant hemidesmosomes and lack of rete ridges. At the dermal layer, we found an interface between the grafted skin and the host tissue at day 30th, which tended to disappear with time. The grafted superficial dermis showed a progressive increase in properly-oriented collagen fibers, elastic fibers and proteoglycans, including decorin, similarly to control dermis at day 60-90th of in vivo follow-up. Blood vessels determined by CD31 and SMA expression were more abundant in grafted skin than controls, whereas lymphatic vessels were more abundant at day 90th. These results contribute to shed light on the histological parameters associated to biocompatibility and therapeutic effect of the UGRSKIN model grafted in patients and demonstrate that the bioengineered skin grafted in patients is able to mature and differentiate very early at the epithelial level and after 60–90 days at the dermal level.