Burnout syndrome and work engagement in nursing staff: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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AuthorVargas-Benítez, Miguel Ángel; Gómez Urquiza, José Luis; Albendín García, Luis; Velando Soriano, Almudena; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
BurnoutWork engagementCritical careNursingNurses staff
Vargas-Benítez MA, Izquierdo-Espín FJ, Castro-Martínez N, Gómez-Urquiza JL, Albendín-García L, Velando-Soriano A and Cañadas-De la Fuente GA (2023) Burnout syndrome and work engagement in nursing staff: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Front. Med. 10:1125133. [doi: 10.3389/fmed.2023.1125133]
SponsorshipFEDER/Consejeria de Universidad, Investigacion e Innovacion de la Junta de Andalucia P20-00627
Background: A difficult and demanding work environment, such as that often experienced in healthcare, can provoke fatigue, anxiety, distress, and discomfort. This study considers factors that may influence levels of burnout and work engagement among nurses and seeks to determine the relationship between these conditions.Method: A systematic scoping review was performed, in accordance with the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews, based on data obtained from a search of the PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus databases carried out in 2022 using the search equation: "work engagement AND nurs* AND burnout." This search identified nine quantitative primary studies suitable for inclusion in our analysis.Results: Work overload, type of shift worked, and/or area of hospital service, among other elements, are all relevant to the development of burnout. This syndrome can be countered by social support and appropriate personal resources and values, which are all positively associated with work engagement. Our analysis revealed a significant correlation between work engagement and the different domains of burnout. The correlation effect size between burnout and work engagement was -0.46 (95% CI -0.58, -0.31), with p < 0.001.Conclusion: Well-targeted interventions in the healthcare work environment can reduce burnout levels, strengthen work engagement, and enhance the quality of healthcare.