Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors Associated to Fruits and Vegetables Consumption in Elderly Europeans: A Systematic Review
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Elderly peopleFruits and vegetables consumptionSocioeconomic factorsDemographic factorsSystematic review
Kouiti, M... [et al.]. Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors Associated to Fruits and Vegetables Consumption in Elderly Europeans: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 3442. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20043442]
SponsorshipVegetables for Better Aging: Improving The Quality Of Eating Practices Among Elderly; Bonduelle Foundation (2020–2022). Research Project I+D+I 2019; Ministry of Science and Innovation, Spain; Research Project I+D+I 2019; Cod. 10.13039/5011000011033, The Ministry of Science and Innovation, Spain
Several epidemiological studies stress the association between a diet based on high fruits and vegetables intake and a better health condition. However, elderly Europeans cannot manage the recommended fruits and vegetables consumption. This systematic review aims to explore the main factors related to fruits and vegetables consumption in elderly Europeans. We conducted literature searches on Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science from inception to May 2022. Published articles including data related to certain fruits and vegetables consumption among elderly Europeans were selected. The New Castle-Ottawa Scale and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute tools were used for methodological quality assessment by two authors independently. A total of 60 articles were retrieved, and data from twenty-one high-quality cross-sectional studies and five moderate-tohigh- quality cohort studies, including a total of 109,516 participants, were synthesized. Associated factors mostly analyzed were those relating to demographic and socioeconomic status, such as sex, age, marital status, educational level, and income. However, the findings show a high discrepancy. Some evidence suggests a possible positive association, while other evidence shows an inverse or no association at all. The relationship between demographic and socioeconomic factors with fruits and vegetables consumption is not at all clear. More epidemiological studies with an appropriate design and corresponding statistical methods are required.