Sexual Dysfunction and Quality of Life in Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa and Their Partners
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AutorCuenca Barrales, Carlos; Montero Vílchez, Trinidad; Arias Santiago, Salvador Antonio; Molina Leyva, Alejandro
Hidradenitis suppurativaQuality of lifeSexual dysfunctionErectile dysfunctionSexual partners
Cuenca-Barrales, C... [et al.]. Sexual Dysfunction and Quality of Life in Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa and Their Partners. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 389. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010389]
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease that profoundly affects patients’ quality of life (QoL) and sexuality. Few data are available on the impact of HS on patients’ partners. We aimed to explore the QoL and sexual function of patients’ partners and the factors associated with their impairment and to compare the QoL and sexual function of single patients and those in a stable relationship. We conducted a cross-sectional study at Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves (Granada, Spain) and at theWroclaw Medical University (Wroclaw, Poland). Patients over the age of 16 years attending their scheduled follow-up and their partners, if any, were included. The Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the Family Dermatology Life Quality Index (FDLQI) were used to estimate the QoL of patients and partners, respectively. The FSFI-6 was used to determine sexual dysfunction in women and the IIEF-5 for erectile dysfunction in men. Thirty-four single patients and twenty-eight patients in a stable relationship and their partners were included. Patients had a very large impact (DLQI 12.5 7.5) and their partners a moderate impact (FDLQI 10.3 7.1) in their QoL due to HS. Women with HS had a high prevalence of sexual dysfunction (13/32, 40.6%) and men of erectile dysfunction (19/30, 63.3%). Male partners also had a high prevalence of erectile dysfunction (10/17, 58.8%), while only one female partner had sexual dysfunction (1/11, 9.1%). Factors related to disease severity, intensity of symptoms and body mass index were associated with poorer QoL in partners and time of disease evolution with greater erectile dysfunction in male partners. In conclusion, HS not only profoundly affects the QoL and sexuality of patients but also of their partners. Several risk factors have been identified, which should be taken into account in the holistic approach of the disease.