A Critical Perspective and Inclusive Analysis of Sustainable Road Infrastructure Literature
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Sustainable roadSustainable highwayGreen roadGreen highwayRating systemsSustainability
Alhjouj, A... [et al.]. A Critical Perspective and Inclusive Analysis of Sustainable Road Infrastructure Literature. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 12996. [https://doi.org/10.3390/app122412996]
SponsorshipSpanish Government PRX21-00291
In response to the important environmental impacts produced by the road transport network during all its life cycle stages, a set of measurements to include sustainable principles have been identified between 1997–2021, analysed and mapped by applying SciMAT and VOSviewer. The results have shown the predominance of issues which analyse the life cycle assessment of road infrastructures in its both environmental and economic dimension as a way to mitigate their effects on climate change, including the reduction of resources and energy consumption, or of energy consumption and greenhouse gases emissions during the construction and operation stages, respectively. However, the incorporation of the social life cycle assessment dimension, their adaptation to climate change, and the use of smart roads are still in an early stage. Therefore, efforts to include these issues are necessary to address their design according to the resilience concept and ensuring a cleaner and more competitive and climate-neutral Europe.