Personality Factors as Predictors in Burnout Level Changes for Surgical Area Nurses
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AuthorVelando Soriano, Almudena; Cañadas De La Fuente, Gustavo Raúl; Romero Béjar, José Luis; Esquivel Sánchez, Francisco Javier; Fuente Solana, Emilia I. De La; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
BurnoutDepressionLogistic regressionNursesPersonality risk factorsSurgical area
Velando-Soriano, A... [et al.]. Personality Factors as Predictors in Burnout Level Changes for Surgical Area Nurses. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 1481. [https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12111481]
Surgical area nurses provide comprehensive care to patients throughout the surgical process. Increases in life expectancy lead to the appearance and development of diseases, translating into an increase in the number of necessary interventions. Increases in the workload can be another risk factor for the development of burnout in professionals in this area. Knowledge of psychological and personality-related variables provides relevant information of level changes in the dimensions of burnout syndrome. Three logistic regression models, based on a cross-sectional study with 214 nurses working in the surgical area in the Andalusian Health Service, Spain, were built for each dimension. These models included different variables related to depression and personality, with some being significant at the population level and consequently true risk or protection factors. Friendliness, responsibility and extraversion are protection factors for the personal accomplishment dimension, whilst neuroticism is a risk factor for this dimension. Friendliness is also a protection factor for depersonalization, whilst depression is a risk factor. Finally, neuroticism, responsibility and depression are risk factors for the emotional exhaustion dimension of burnout. These findings provide relevant information that makes anticipation of this syndrome in this group easier.