Rényi Entropies of Multidimensional Oscillator and Hydrogenic Systems with Applications to Highly Excited Rydberg States
MetadataShow full item record
Rényi entropy inequalitiesRényi entropies of multidimensional oscillator systemsRényi entropies of multidimensional hydrogenic systemsRényi entropies of highly excited Rydberg statesHypergeometric orthogonal polynomialsAsymptotics of HermiteLaguerre and Gegenbauer polynomials
Dehesa, J.S. Rényi Entropies of Multidimensional Oscillator and Hydrogenic Systems with Applications to Highly Excited Rydberg States. Entropy 2022, 24, 1590. [https://doi.org/10.3390/e24111590]
SponsorshipGrant P20-00082 (Junta de Andalucía); PID2020- 113390GB-I00 (Agencia Estatal de Investigación (Spain); European Regional Development Fund (FEDER); Grant FQM-207 of the Agencia de Innovación y Desarrollo de Andalucía
The various facets of the internal disorder of quantum systems can be described by means of the Rényi entropies of their single-particle probability density according to modern density functional theory and quantum information techniques. In this work, we first show the lower and upper bounds for the Rényi entropies of general and central-potential quantum systems, as well as the associated entropic uncertainty relations. Then, the Rényi entropies of multidimensional oscillator and hydrogenic-like systems are reviewed and explicitly determined for all bound stationary position and momentum states from first principles (i.e., in terms of the potential strength, the space dimensionality and the states’s hyperquantum numbers). This is possible because the associated wavefunctions can be expressed by means of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials. Emphasis is placed on the most extreme, non-trivial cases corresponding to the highly excited Rydberg states, where the Rényi entropies can be amazingly obtained in a simple, compact, and transparent form. Powerful asymptotic approaches of approximation theory have been used when the polynomial’s degree or the weight-function parameter(s) of the Hermite, Laguerre, and Gegenbauer polynomials have large values. At present, these special states are being shown of increasing potential interest in quantum information and the associated quantum technologies, such as e.g., quantum key distribution, quantum computation, and quantum metrology.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.