Parental food consumption and diet quality and its association with children’s food consumption in families at high risk of type 2 diabetes: the Feel4Diabetes-study
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Cambridge University Press
Food consumptionDiet qualityType 2 diabetesParentsChildren
Mahmood, L., Moreno, L., Flores-Barrantes, P., Mavrogianni, C., Schwarz, P., Makrilakis, K., . . . Gonzalez-Gil, E. (2022). Parental food consumption and diet quality and its association with children’s food consumption in families at high risk of type 2 diabetes: The Feel4Diabetes-study. Public Health Nutrition, 25(12), 3344-3355. [doi:10.1017/S1368980022002245]
SponsorshipHorizon 2020 643708
Objective: To examine the parental food consumption and diet quality and its associations with children’s consumption in families at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus across Europe. Also, to compare food frequency consumption among parents and children from high-risk families to the European Dietary guidelines/recommendations. Design: Cross-sectional study using Feel4diabetes FFQ. Setting: Families completed FFQ and anthropometric measures were obtained. Linear regression analyses were applied to investigate the relations between parental food consumption and diet quality and their children’s food consumption after consideration of potential confounders. Participants: 2095 European families (74·6 % mothers, 50·9 % girls). The participants included parent and one child, aged 6–8 years. Results: Parental food consumption was significantly associated with children’s intake from the same food groups among boys and girls. Most parents and children showed under-consumption of healthy foods according to the European Dietary Guidelines. Parental diet quality was positively associated with children’s intake of ‘fruit’ (boys: β = 0·233, P < 0·001; girls: β = 0·134, P < 0·05) and ‘vegetables’ (boys: β = 0·177, P < 0·01; girls: β = 0·234, P < 0·001) and inversely associated with their ‘snacks’ consumption (boys: β = –0·143, P < 0·05; girls: β = –0·186, P < 0·01). Conclusion: The present study suggests an association between parental food consumption and diet quality and children’s food intake. More in-depth studies and lifestyle interventions that include both parents and children are therefore recommended for future research.