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dc.contributor.authorCadenas Sánchez, Cristina 
dc.contributor.authorHidalgo Migueles, Jairo 
dc.contributor.authorVerdejo Román, Juan 
dc.contributor.authorErickson, Kirk I.
dc.contributor.authorEsteban Cornejo, Irene 
dc.contributor.authorCatena Martínez, Andrés 
dc.contributor.authorOrtega Porcel, Francisco Bartolomé 
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-28T11:29:56Z
dc.date.available2022-11-28T11:29:56Z
dc.date.issued2022-11-07
dc.identifier.citationCadenas-Sanchez C, Migueles JH, Verdejo-Román J, Erickson KI, Esteban-Cornejo I, Catena A, Ortega FB. Physical activity, sedentary time, and fitness in relation to brain shapes in children with overweight/obesity: Links to intelligence. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2022 Nov 7. doi: 10.1111/sms.14263. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36337011.es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10481/78153
dc.descriptionFunding information Additional support was obtained from the Alicia Koplowitz Foundation (grant number, ALICIAK-2018), University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigación 2016, Excellence actions: Units of Excellence, Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES), the Junta de Andalucía, Consejería de Conocimiento, Investigación y Universidades; and under the umbrella of the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant number, 667302); the SAMID III network, RETICS, funded by the; C.C.-S. is supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (grant number, FJC2018-037925-I) and by a grant from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska Curie grant agreement No 101028929.; IEC is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (grant number, RYC2019-027287-I).; J.H.M. is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (grant number, FPU15/02645) and by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (2012–00036).; J.V.-R. is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (grant numbers, FJCI-2017-33396 & IJC2019-041916-I).; This project was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the “Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)” (grant numbers, DEP2013-47540, DEP2016-79512-R, DEP2017-91544-EXP, and RYC- 2011-09011)es_ES
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To examine the association between physical activity, sedentary time, and physical fitness with the shapes of subcortical brain structures in children with overweight/obesity. Further, we analyzed whether differences in the shapes of subcortical brain structures were related to intelligence. We hypothesized that those children with higher physical activity levels, lower sedentary time, and better fitness, would show greater expansion of the brain regions analyzed, and these expansions would be associated with higher intelligence. Study design: 100 children (10.0 ± 1.1 years, 40 girls) were included in the analyses. Physical activity and sedentary time were measured by accelerometry, and physical fitness was evaluated by a fitness battery. Shapes of subcortical brain structures were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Intelligence was measured by the Kaufmann Brief Intelligence test. Results: Physical activity was related to expansion of the right/left pallidum, right/left putamen, and right thalamus (p < 0.05). Higher sedentary time was related to contraction of the left thalamus and right nucleus accumbens (p < 0.05). Higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness were associated with expansion of the right amygdala (p = 0.022). Greater strength in the upper-limb was related to expansion of the right/left pallidum and the left nucleus accumbens (p < 0.038), and contraction of the left amygdala (p = 0.030). Better speed-agility was associated with expansion of the left nucleus accumbens (p = 0.036). Physical activity- and fitness-related expansion of the right pallidum was associated with higher intelligence (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: Physical activity, sedentary time, and physical fitness were significantly related to the shapes of subcortical brain structures, which in turn were related to intelligence in children with overweight/obesity. Keywords: brain shapes; cardiorespiratory fitness; cognitive performance; gray matter; moderate-to-vigorous; muscular strength; sedentarism; speed-agility.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipAlicia Koplowitz Foundation (grant number, ALICIAK-2018)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigación 2016es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipExcellence actions: Units of Excellence, Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES), the Junta de Andalucía, Consejería de Conocimiento, Investigación y Universidadeses_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant number, 667302)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSAMID III network, RETICSes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (grant number, FJC2018-037925-I)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska Curie grant agreement No 101028929es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (grant number, RYC2019-027287-I)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (grant number, FPU15/02645)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSwedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (2012–00036)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (grant numbers, FJCI-2017-33396 & IJC2019-041916-I)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the “Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)” (grant numbers, DEP2013-47540, DEP2016-79512-R, DEP2017-91544-EXP, and RYC- 2011-09011)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for open access charge: Universidad de Granada/CBUAes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherWileyes_ES
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectBrain shapeses_ES
dc.subjectCardiorespiratory fitnesses_ES
dc.subjectCognitive performancees_ES
dc.subjectGray matteres_ES
dc.subjectModerate-to-vigorouses_ES
dc.subjectMuscular strengthes_ES
dc.subjectSedentarismes_ES
dc.subjectSpeed-agilityes_ES
dc.titlePhysical activity, sedentary time, and fitness in relation to brain shapes in children with overweight/obesity: Links to intelligencees_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/667302es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/Marie Sklodowska Curie 101028929es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/sms.14263
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_ES


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
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