An Axiomatic Framework for Propagating Uncertainty in Directed Acyclic Networks
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Causal networkUncertaintyHypertreesPULCINELLA systemMarginalizationCombinationConditional informationInteligencia artificialArtificial intelligence
José Cano, Miguel Delgado, Serafín Moral, An axiomatic framework for propagating uncertainty in directed acyclic networks, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, Volume 8, Issue 4, 1993, Pages 253-280, ISSN 0888-613X, [https://doi.org/10.1016/0888-613X(93)90026-A]
SponsorshipCommission of the European Communities under ESPRIT BRA 3085: DRUMS
This paper presents an axiomatic system for propagating uncertainty in Pearl's causal networks, (Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference, 1988 ). The main objective is to study all aspects of knowledge representation and reasoning in causal networks from an abstract point of view, independent of the particular theory being used to represent information (probabilities, belief functions or upper and lower probabilities). This is achieved by expressing concepts and algorithms in terms of valuations, an abstract mathematical concept representing a piece of information, introduced by Shenoy and Sharer [1, 2]. Three new axioms are added to Shenoy and Shafer's axiomatic framework [1, 2], for the propagation of general valuations in hypertrees. These axioms allow us to address from an abstract point of view concepts such as conditional information (a generalization of conditional probabilities) and give rules relating the decomposition of global information with the concept of independence (a generalization of probability rules allowing the decomposition of a bidimensional distribution with independent marginals in the product of its two marginals). Finally, Pearl's propagation algorithms are also developed and expressed in terms of operations with valuations.