Thermal Perception in Naturally Ventilated University Buildings in Spain during the Cold Season
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AuthorAguilar Aguilera, Antonio Jesús; De la Hoz Torres, María Luisa; Martínez Aires, María Dolores; Ruiz Padillo, Diego Pablo
BuildingIEQMonitoringNatural ventilationThermal comfort
Aguilar, A.J... [et al.]. Thermal Perception in Naturally Ventilated University Buildings in Spain during the Cold Season. Buildings 2022, 12, 890. [https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12070890]
SponsorshipConsejo General de la Arquitectura Tecnica (CGATE); State Research Agency (SRA) of Spain; European Commission PID2019-108761RB-I00
The indoor thermal environment has become a critical factor, due to its impact on the energy efficiency of a building and the health and performance of its occupants. It is particularly important for educational buildings, where students and teachers are exposed to these thermal conditions. This study assessed the impact of natural ventilation efficiency and university students’ thermal perception during the cold season. A field monitoring campaign and a questionnaire survey were conducted. A total of 989 students participated in this study. The results show that, although the CO2 concentration in 90% of the evaluated classrooms was below the European recommended value (i.e., 800 ppm), only 18% of the classrooms were within the thermal comfort zone defined by national regulations. These thermal conditions caused 55% of the students surveyed to report that they were dissatisfied, and that this environment interfered with their academic performance. Significant differences were found between thermal sensation votes from female and male students (p < 0.001). The obtained neutral temperature was one degree higher for female students than for males. Our results suggest that ventilation protocols need to be modified by adjusting the window opening strategy, and these findings should be used as guidelines during their redesign.