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dc.contributor.authorYravedra, José
dc.contributor.authorSerrano Ramos, Alexia
dc.contributor.authorLuzón, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorCámara, José
dc.contributor.authorMontilla, Eva
dc.contributor.authorToro Moyano, Isidro
dc.contributor.authorJiménez Arenas, Juan Manuel
dc.identifier.citationYravedra, J... [et al.]. Unravelling Hominin Activities in the Zooarchaeological Assemblage of Barranco León (Orce, Granada, Spain). J Paleo Arch 5, 6 (2022). []es_ES
dc.description.abstractLittle is known about the subsistence practices of the first European settlers, mainly due to the shortage of archaeological sites in Europe older than a million years. This article contributes to the knowledge of the subsistence of the first Europeans with new zooarchaeology and taphonomic data from the Palaeolithic site of Barranco León (Orce, Granada, Spain). We present the results of the analysis of the faunal assemblages retrieved in the context of new excavations undertaken between 2016 and 2020. We have followed a standard methodology for the identification and quantification of species, mortality profiles, skeletal representation and taphonomic analysis. With regard to the taphonomic evidence, we have documented the extent of rounding, abrasion and other alterations. Finally, we examined traces from the activities of carnivores and hominins that led to the accumulation and alteration of the bone assemblages. Results indicate that the archaeo-paleontological deposits from Barranco León present a dual-patterned mixed taphonomic origin. The first phase primarily involved waterborne processes (BL-D1), which led to the accumulation of lithic raw materials, a few archaeological stone tools, and some faunal remains with percussion and cutmarks. The second phase (BL-D2) contains several stone tools associated with faunal remains with more anthropogenic alterations, such as cutmarks and percussion marks. After analysing the Barranco León zooarchaeological assemblage, the present study concludes that hominins had access to the meat and within-bone nutrients of animals of diverse sizes. However, the specific carcass acquisition mechanisms that hominins followed are less certain because the presence of tooth marks suggests that carnivores also played a role in the accumulation and modification of the Barranco León faunal assemblage.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCRUE-CSIC agreement Springer Naturees_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipJunta de Andalucia, Consejeria de Educacion, Cultura y Deporte: Orce Research Project `Primeras ocupaciones humanas y contexto paleoecologico a partir de los depositos pliopleistocenos de la cuenca Guadix-Baza: zona arqueologica de la Cuenca de Orce (Grana BC.03.032/17es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Government PRE2019-089411 RTI2018-099850-B-I00es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Salamancaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipArts and Humanities Research Council through a Baillie Gifford AHRC Scholarship (OOC-DTP program) at the University of Oxford AH/R012709/1es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia PRE2020-094482es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union-NextGenerationEU 2021URV-MS-03es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Universities and Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Planes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipGeneralitat de Catalunya 2017SGR-859 2017SGR-1666es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through the `Maria de Maeztu' program for Units of Excellence CEX2019-000945-Mes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Government CEX2019-000945-M-20-1es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.subjectEarly Pleistocenees_ES
dc.subjectFirst settlement of Europees_ES
dc.subjectHominin-carnivore interactionses_ES
dc.subjectBone surface modificationses_ES
dc.titleUnravelling Hominin Activities in the Zooarchaeological Assemblage of Barranco León (Orce, Granada, Spain)es_ES

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Atribución 4.0 Internacional
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