Resilience, stress and anxiety in pregnancy before and throughout the pandemic: a structural equation modelling approach
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AuthorPuertas González, José Antonio; Mariño Narváez, Carolina; Vilar López, Raquel; Peralta Ramírez, María Isabel
Puertas-Gonzalez, J.A... [et al.]. Resilience, stress and anxiety in pregnancy before and throughout the pandemic: a structural equation modelling approach. Curr Psychol (2022). [https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03305-6]
SponsorshipCRUE-CSIC; Springer Nature
The present study explored and compared the link between resilience and pregnancy-related stress, perceived stress, and anxiety, employing two structural equation models. One model focused on pregnant women before the outbreak of the pandemic, and the other on pregnancies throughout the pandemic. For this purpose, a total sample of 690 women during their pregnancy were collected: the Pre-Pandemic Group (P-PG) was composed of 341 pregnant women evaluated prior to the pandemic; and 349 pregnant women assessed at the time of the pandemic constituted the Pandemic Group (PG). The resilience, pregnancy-related stress, perceived stress, and anxiety symptomatology of the women were assessed. For both samples, resilience was found to lower levels of pregnancy-specific stress, as well as general perceived stress, and anxiety symptomatology. Furthermore, pregnancy-specific stress and perceived stress showed a covariance relationship and, that these, in turn, increased the anxiety. Moreover, the PG showed greater levels of pregnancy-specific stress, anxiety, somatisations, and obsessions-compulsions, while the P-PG presented higher perceived stress levels.