The Burden on Cohabitants of Patients with Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria: A Cross-Sectional Study
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AuthorSánchez Díaz, Manuel; Salazar Nievas, María Carmen; Molina Leyva, Alejandro; Arias Santiago, Salvador Antonio
UrticariaCohabitantsQuality of lifeAnxietyType D personality
Sánchez-Díaz, M... [et al.]. The Burden on Cohabitants of Patients with Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria: A Cross-Sectional Study. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 3228. [https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11113228]
Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria (CSU) has been associated with patients’ poor quality of life. Despite being a chronic disease that could alter the quality of life of the people who live with patients, the potential burden on their cohabitants has not been studied to date. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between the patient’s quality of life, disease control, disease duration and family quality of life and the cohabitant’s mood disturbances, sexual dysfunction, type D personality and sleep quality. A cross-sectional study including patients suffering from CSU and their cohabitants was performed. Sociodemographic variables and disease activity, quality of life, sleep, sexual disfunction, anxiety, depression and type D personality were collected using validated questionnaires. Sixty-two subjects, 31 CSU patients and 31 cohabitants, were included in the study. Worse disease control and poorer quality of life in patients were associated with poorer family quality of life and higher rates of anxiety among the cohabitants (p < 0.05). Patients’ poor quality of life was associated with reduced sexual satisfaction among the cohabitants (p < 0.05). Long disease duration (>10 years) was associated with an increased prevalence of type D personality among the cohabitants (prevalence ratio: 2.59, CI 95% 1.03–7.21). CSU seems to have an impact on the quality of life of cohabitants, especially in terms of increased rates of anxiety, poorer quality of life and reduced sexual satisfaction. The prolonged course of the disease could be associated with the increased presence of non-adaptative personality traits.