Iberian eugenics? Cross-overs and contrasts between Spanish and Portuguese eugenics, 1930-1950
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Universidad de Granada
EugenesiaHigiene racialPsicotécnicaOrientación profesionalIberiaEugenicsRacial hygienePsychotechnicsProfessional orientation
Cleminson, R. «Iberian Eugenics? Cross-Overs and Contrasts Between Spanish and Portuguese Eugenics, 1930-1950». Dynamis: Acta Hispanica Ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam, Vol. 37, Núm. 1, 1, p. 89-110, [https://raco.cat/index.php/Dynamis/article/view/318874]
SponsorshipHAR2012-37754-C02-01 (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad – Spain); Arts and Humanities Research Council Research Fellowship (AH/1026804/1, 2011- 2012)
This article provides the basis for further considerations on the overlap between different expressions of science, in particular psychotechnics, biotypology and eugenics, in Iberia. It sets the reception of and interest in these scientific undertakings within the specific context pertaining in both Iberian dictatorships and considers the importance of the culture of the scientific community, the role of religion and the presence of positivism within each. While the actual traffic of knowledge between the two countries was limited, the contrasts and differences in the uptake of these specialisms within the two countries and their proximity or otherwise to other fascist and authoritarian regimes of the 1930s and 1940s are explored. The article concludes that in the Spanish case, although there were greater proximities to certain forms of fascist and Nazi eugenics, it was the commitment to Catholicism and nationalist regeneration that allowed for concessions to environmental improvements. A more Germanic strain was present in Portugal but this was dislodged by a consistent commitment to social hygiene rather than racial hygiene, again within the constraints provided by overarching Catholicism.