Effect of zinc supplementation on circulating concentrations of homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folate in a postmenopausal population
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AuthorVázquez Lorente, Héctor; Herrera Quintana, Lourdes María; Gamarra, Yenifer; Planells Del Pozo, Elena María
MenopauseZinc supplementationFolateVitamin B12Homocysteine
Héctor Vázquez-Lorente... [et al.]. Effect of zinc supplementation on circulating concentrations of homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folate in a postmenopausal population, Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, Volume 71, 2022, 126942, ISSN 0946-672X, [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2022.126942]
SponsorshipFIS Projects from Carlos III Health Institute, Spain PI10/1993; Spanish Government FPU18/03655 FPU18/03702
Introduction: The decrease in estrogen levels associated with menopause increases the risk of deficiencies of key micronutrients such as zinc and of disturbances in methylation cycle-related markers. The present study assesses the effect of 8-week Zn supplementation upon circulating concentrations of Hcy, B-12, and Fol levels in a population of postmenopausal women.& nbsp;Methods: Fifty-one postmenopausal women aged between 44 and 76 years took part in the study. Two randomized groups (placebo and zinc [50 mg/day]) were treated during 8 weeks. Nutrient intake was assessed based on the 72-hour recal l method. Zinc was analyzed by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Clinical-nutritional parameters were determined by enzyme immunoassay techniques.& nbsp;Results: Folate levels increased significantly (p < 0.05) in the zinc group on comparing the baseline versus follow-up values. Homocysteine decreased in the inter-group analysis (p < 0.05) after the intervention. Furthermore, higher folate (r =-0.632; p = 0.005) and vitamin B-12 (r =-0.512; p = 0.030) levels were correlated to low homocysteine levels in the zinc group after the intervention, although the zinc intervention had the same effect on B-12 levels in both groups.& nbsp;Conclusion: Zinc supplementation enhanced circulating folate and homocysteine by improving the folate values in the zinc-supplemented group and decreasing homocysteine levels inter-groups. Further studies involving larger samples and optimizing the doses and intervention period are needed to reinforce our main findings.