Metal−Organic Frameworks in Agriculture
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Metal-Organic FrameworksAgricultureEnvironmental applications
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2022, 14, 16983−17007 [https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.2c00615]
SponsorshipMOFSEIDON project (PID2019-104228RB-100) funded by MCI/AEI/10.13039/ 501100011033/FEDER; ESENCE project (RTC2019-007254-5) funded by MCIN/ AEI/10.13039/501100011033; Junta de Andalucía (FQM- 394), and the Multifunctional Metallodrugs in Diagnosis and Therapy Network (MICIU, RED2018-102471-T); Spanish Ramón y Cajal Programme (grant agreement 2014-15039); Spanish Juan de la Cierva Incorporación Fellowship (grant agreement no. IJC2019-038894-I) funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/ 501100011033; Funding for open access charge: Universidad de Granada/CBUA
Agrochemicals, which are crucial to meet the world food qualitative and quantitative demand, are compounds used to kill pests (insects, fungi, rodents, or unwanted plants). Regrettably, there are some important issues associated with their widespread and extensive use (e.g., contamination, bioaccumulation, and development of pest resistance); thus, a reduced and more controlled use of agrochemicals and thorough detection in food, water, soil, and fields are necessary. In this regard, the development of new functional materials for the efficient application, detection, and removal of agrochemicals is a priority. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with exceptional sorptive, recognition capabilities, and catalytical properties have very recently shown their potential in agriculture. This Review emphasizes the recent advances in the use of MOFs in agriculture through three main views: environmental remediation, controlled agrochemical release, and detection of agrochemicals.