Continuity of Nursing Care in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review
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AuthorPosadas Collado, Gloria; Romero Béjar, José Luis; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis; Albendín García, Luis; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
Continuity of careCoronary artery diseaseDischargeNursing care
Posadas-Collado, G... [et al.]. Continuity of Nursing Care in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3000. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053000]
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and patient continuity of care is essential. Health professionals can help in the transition stage by providing resources to achieve pharmacological treatment adherence, as well as social and emotional support. The objective was to analyse the effects of nursing interventions based on continuity of care in patients with coronary artery disease after hospital discharge. A systematic review of randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies was carried out. Cochrane, CINAHL, Health & medical collection, Medline, and Scopus databases were consulted in January 2022. PRISMA guidelines were followed with no time limits. In total, 16 articles were included with a total of 2950 patients. Nurse-led continuity of care programs improved the monitoring and control of the disease. Positive effects were found in the quality of life of patients, and in mental health, self-efficacy, and self-care capacity dimensions. Clinical parameters such as blood pressure and lipid levels decreased. The continuity of care provided by nurses had a positive influence on the quality of life of patients with coronary artery disease. Nurse-led care focused on the needs and resources, including continuity of care, plays a key role.