Comparison of the effectiveness of an e-health program versus a home rehabilitation program in patients with chronic low back pain: A double blind randomized controlled trial
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Chronic low back painGeneralTelemedicineHome rehabilitationMcKenzie exercisesTranscutaneous electrical nerve stimulationRandomized controlled trial
Lara-Palomo, I. C... [et al.] (2022). Comparison of the effectiveness of an e-health program versus a home rehabilitation program in patients with chronic low back pain: A double blind randomized controlled trial. DIGITAL HEALTH. [https://doi.org/10.1177/20552076221074482]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucia PC-0185-2017 PC-0253-2017 PC-0536-2017 PI18/00562 Proyecto E-CEPEDOL; Instituto de Salud Carlos III PI18/00562 Proyecto E-CEPEDOL; FEDER -European Regional Development Fund/European Social Fund
Objetive: We conducted a randomized double blind clinical trial, to compare the effectiveness of McKenzie exercises and electroanalgesia via an e-Health program versus a home rehabilitation program on functionality, pain, fear of movement and quality of life in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. Methods: Seventy-four participants with non-specific chronic low back pain were randomized to either the e- Health program group (n=39) or the home rehabilitation program group (n=35). The interventions consisted of the e-Health program group performing McKenzie exercises and received transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, while the home rehabilitation group attended an information session to explain the exercises, which they then performed at home with printed instructions. Both groups performed 3 weekly sessions for 8 weeks. The following were analyzed main measures: pain, disability, fear of movement, quality of life, trunk muscle endurance and trunk anteflexion motion were assessed at baseline and at 2 months. Results: Independent samples Student’s t-tests showed that although the patients who followed the e-Health program showed significantly greater improvement than those who followed the home disability rehabilitation program in terms of intensity of pain, lumbar flexion mobility (P < 0.001), and the following dimensions of quality of life (P < 0.005), both groups improved significantly in the immediate post-treatment follow up compared with baseline scores. Conclusions: Patients with chronic low back pain who followed an unsupervised home intervention supported by an individualized video exercise program showed greater post-treatment improvement than those who followed the same program with printed instructions.