Gravity Waves and Primordial Black Holes in Scalar Warm Little Inflation
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Published version: Mar Bastero-Gil and Marta Subías Díaz-Blanco JCAP12(2021)052. [10.1088/1475-7516/2021/12/052]
SponsorshipMICINN (PID2019-105943GB-I00/AEI/10.13039/501100011033); Junta de Andalucía" grants P18-FR-4314 and A-FQM-211-UGR18
In warm inflation, dissipation due to the interactions of the inflaton field to other light degrees of freedom leads naturally to the enhancement of the primordial spectrum during the last 10-20 efolds of inflation. We study this effect in a variant of the Warm Little Inflaton model, where the inflaton couples to light scalars, with a quartic chaotic potential. These large fluctuations on re-entry will form light, evaporating Primordial Black Holes, with masses lighter than 10(6) g. But at the same time they will act as a source for the tensors at second order. The enhancement is maximal near the end of inflation, which result in a spectral density of Gravitational Waves (GW) peaked at frequencies f similar to O(10(5) - 10(6)) Hz today, and with an amplitude Omega(GW) similar to 10(-9). Although the frequency range is outside the reach of present and planned GW detectors, it might be reached in future high-frequency gravitational waves detectors, designed to search for cosmological stochastic GW backgrounds above MHz frequencies.