Usefulness of Microbiome for Forensic Geolocation: A Review
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AutorHaarkötter Cardoso, Christian; Sáiz Guinaldo, María; Gálvez Escolano, Xiomara; Medina Lozano, María Isabel; Álvarez Merino, Juan Carlos; Lorente Acosta, José Antonio
Forensic microbiologyForensic scienceGeolocationMicrobiomeMicrobiota
Haarkötter, C... [et al.]. Usefulness of Microbiome for Forensic Geolocation: A Review. Life 2021, 11, 1322. [https://doi.org/10.3390/life11121322]
Forensic microbiomics is a promising tool for crime investigation. Geolocation, which connects an individual to a certain place or location by microbiota, has been fairly well studied in the literature, and several applications have been found. The aim of this review is to highlight the main findings in this field, including the current sample storage, DNA extraction, sequencing and data analysis techniques that are being used, and its potential applications in human trafficking and ancient DNA studies. Second, the challenges and limitations of forensic microbiomics and geolocation are emphasised, providing recommendations for the establishment of this tool in the forensic science community.