Progression and variation of competitive 100 and 200m performance at the 2021 European Swimming Championships
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AuthorCuenca-Fernández, Francisco; Ruiz-Navarro, Jesús Juan; González-Ponce, Ángela; López Belmonte, Óscar; Gay Párraga, Ana; Arellano Colomina, Raúl
Competition analysisTactical and strategyBudapest 2021
F. Cuenca-Fernández, JJ. Ruiz-Navarro, A. González-Ponce, O. López- Belmonte, A. Gay & R. Arellano (2021): Progression and variation of competitive 100 and 200m performance at the 2021 European Swimming Championships, Sports Biomechanics,
SponsorshipThis study was supported by grants awarded by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Spanish Agency of Research) and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF): [PGC2018-102116-B-I00] ‘SWIM II: Specific Water Innovative Measurements: Applied to the performance improvement’ and the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport: FPU17/02761, FPU16/02629 and FPU19/02477 grants.
Competitive progressions are necessary to ensure that peak performance occurs when medals are decided. This study aimed to: i) study the coefficient of variation (CV) and performance changes (%Δ) among swimmers who participated in different rounds (i.e., heats, semi-finals and finals); ii) study the CV changes as a function of FINA-points. A total of 1447 performances were analysed in the 100 and 200 m-races during the Budapest 2021 European-Championships. Linear mixedeffects models were applied for total and split-times to obtain intraathlete CV and %Δ. The FINA-points were studied with two-way ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation assessed the relations with CV. The CV in 100 m-races was: 0.48 ± 0.21% for males and 0.50 ± 0.20% for females (Δ = −0.66%); in 200 m-races: 0.63 ± 0.36% and 0.60 ± 0.34% (Δ = −0.82%). There were differences in FINA-points between strokes and distances (p < 0.02) associated with higher CV for the 200 m-races (r = 0.37; p = 0.003), indicating changes in performance over the rounds. Swimmers’ finalists performed easier during the heats by going slower in the first 50 m-lap; however, some of them would have little chance of qualifying during major championships because some events were below FINA-points world-standards.