Self‑reported (IFIS) versus measured physical fitness, and their associations to cardiometabolic risk factors in early pregnancy
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Henström, M... [et al.]. Self-reported (IFIS) versus measured physical fitness, and their associations to cardiometabolic risk factors in early pregnancy. Sci Rep 11, 22719 (2021). [https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-02149-7]
SponsorshipSwedish Research Council; European Commission 2016-01147; Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (Forte) 2017-00088; Bo and Vera Ax:son Johnsons' Foundation; Strategic Research Area Health Care Science, Karolinska Institutet/Umea University; Swedish Society of Medicine; Karolinska Institutet; Lions Forskningsfond; Yrjo Jahnsson Foundation
Physical fitness is a strong marker of health, but objective fitness measurements are not always feasible. The International FItness Scale (IFIS) for self-reported fitness is a simple-to-use tool with demonstrated validity and reliability; however, validation in pregnancy needs to be confirmed. Also, its association with cardiometabolic health in pregnant women is unknown. Hence, we examined (1) the validity of the IFIS with objectively measured fitness, and (2) the associations of self-reported versus objectively measured cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular strength with cardiometabolic risk factors in early pregnancy. Women (n = 303) from the HealthyMoms trial were measured at gestational week 14 for: CRF (6-min walk test); upper-body muscular strength (handgrip strength test); self-reported fitness (IFIS), body composition (air-displacement plethysmography); blood pressure and metabolic parameters (lipids, glucose, insulin). Higher self-reported fitness was associated with better measured fitness (ANOVA overall p < 0.01 for all fitness types), indicating the usefulness of the IFIS in pregnancy. Furthermore, higher self-reported overall fitness and CRF were associated with lower cardiometabolic risk scores (ANOVA p < 0.001), with similar results shown for measured CRF (ANOVA p < 0.001). The findings suggest that IFIS could be useful to stratify pregnant women in appropriate fitness levels on a population-based level where objective measurement is not possible.