Almoravid Works on Defensive Architecture in Southeast Al-Andalus: Analysis of Their Remains and Proposal for Preventive Conservation
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Military constructionsGranadaAlmeríaFirst half of the 12th centuryAlmoravidsRisks of conservation
Marcos Cobaleda, M.; Gutiérrez-Carrillo, M.L. Almoravid Works on Defensive Architecture in Southeast Al-Andalus: Analysis of Their Remains and Proposal for Preventive Conservation. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13597. https:// doi.org/10.3390/su132413597
SponsorshipPREFORTI project (BIA2015 69938-R) “Sustainable methodology for the Conservation and Maintenance of medieval rammed-earth fortifications in the Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula” has been financed by the State Research Agency (SRA) and European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); Art History Department of the University of Málaga (Spain) and the Research Group Andalucía-América: patrimonio cultural y relaciones artísticas (HUM-806)
In the first half of the 12th century, several military works were developed throughout the territories under Almoravid rule, above all after 1126, both in the main towns and the rural areas of the Empire. Within this context, the aim of this paper is to present the results achieved in the framework of the PREFORTI R&D Project (BIA2015-69938-R) concerning the particular case of these military constructions built in the region of Southeast Al-Andalus (Granada and Almeria, Spain). To achieve this aim, we have studied their remains during field work, as well as documentation contained in archives, written sources and historiography, focusing on the risks that affect their conservation. The analysis of six cases of study has been included, where a sample of the systematic method based on preventive conservation measures has been detailed in two particular cases: the walls of the Alcazaba Qad¯ıma (Granada) and the walls of La Hoya and Cerro de San Cristóbal (Almeria). The proposed method has been validated by the public bodies responsible for the protection of this heritage. Its importance lies in the guarantee to slow down the deterioration of this heritage, which facilitates the implementation of effective and economic strategies for its conservation.