In-Season Internal Load and Wellness Variations in Professional Women Soccer Players: Comparisons between Playing Positions and Status
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AuthorFernandes, Renato; Brito, João Paulo; Palucci Vieira, Luiz H.; Duarte Martins, Alexandre; Clemente, Filipe Manuel; Nobari, Hadi; Machado Reis, Víctor; Oliveira, Rafael
Muscle sorenessFemaleStressFatigueSleepPerceived exertionTraining monotonyTraining strain
Fernandes, R.; Brito, J.P.; Vieira, L.H.P.; Martins, A.D.; Clemente, F.M.; Nobari, H.; Reis, V.M.; Oliveira, R. In-Season Internal Load and Wellness Variations in Professional Women Soccer Players: Comparisons between Playing Positions and Status. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12817. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph182312817
SponsorshipPortuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, I.P., Grant/Award Number UIDP/04748/2020; FCT–Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (UID04045/2020); Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/ Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior through national funds and when applicable co-funded EU funds under the project UIDB/50008/2020
The internal intensity monitoring in soccer has been used more in recent years in men’s football; however, in women’s soccer, the existing literature is still scarce. The aims of this study were threefold: (a) to describe the weekly variations of training monotony, training strain and acute: chronic workload ratio through session Rated Perceived Exertion (s-RPE); (b) to describe weekly variations of Hooper Index [stress, fatigue, Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) and sleep]; and (c) to compare those variations between playing positions and player status. Nineteen players (24.1 ± 2.7 years) from a Portuguese BPI League professional team participated in this study. All variables were collected in a 10-week in-season period with three training sessions and one match per week during the 2019/20 season. Considering the overall team, the results showed that there were some associations between Hooper Index categories and s-RPE like stress or fatigue (0.693, p < 0.01), stress or DOMS (0.593, p < 0.01), stress or s-RPE (−0.516, p < 0.05) and fatigue or DOMS (0.688, p < 0.01). There were no differences between all parameters in playing positions or player status. In conclusion, the study revealed that higher levels of fatigue and DOMS occur concurrently with better nights of sleep. Moreover, any in-season variations concerning internal load and perceived wellness seems independent of position or status in outfield players. The data also showed that the higher the players’ reported stress, the lower the observed s-RPE, thus possibly indicating a mutual interference of experienced stress levels on the assimilation of training intensity by elite women soccer players.