Physical Characterization of Serendipitously Uncovered Millimeter-wave Line-emitting Galaxies at z∼2.5 behind the Local Luminous Infrared Galaxy VV 114
MetadataShow full item record
Published version: Shoichiro Mizukoshi... [et al.] 2021 ApJ 917 94. [https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac01cc]
SponsorshipMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT) Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI) JP17H06130 17K14259 21H01133; NAOJ ALMA Scientific Research grant 2017-06B; Beatriz Galindo senior fellowship from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation BG20/00224
We present a detailed investigation of millimeter-wave line emitters ALMA J010748.3-173028 (ALMA-J0107a) and ALMA J010747.0-173010 (ALMA-J0107b), which were serendipitously uncovered in the background of the nearby galaxy VV 114 with spectral scan observations at lambda = 2-3 mm. Via Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) detection of CO(4-3), CO(3-2), and [C i](1-0) lines for both sources, their spectroscopic redshifts are unambiguously determined to be z = 2.4666 +/- 0.0002 and z = 2.3100 +/- 0.0002, respectively. We obtain the apparent molecular gas masses M-gas of these two line emitters from [C i] line fluxes as (11.2 +/- 3.1) x 10(10) M-circle dot and (4.2 +/- 1.2) x 10(10) M-circle dot, respectively. The observed CO(4-3) velocity field of ALMA-J0107a exhibits a clear velocity gradient across the CO disk, and we find that ALMA-J0107a is characterized by an inclined rotating disk with a significant turbulence, that is, a deprojected maximum rotation velocity to velocity dispersion ratio v(max)/sigma(v) of 1.3 +/- 0.3. We find that the dynamical mass of ALMA-J0107a within the CO-emitting disk computed from the derived kinetic parameters, (1.1 +/- 0.2) x 10(10) M-circle dot, is an order of magnitude smaller than the molecular gas mass derived from dust continuum emission, (3.2 +/- 1.6) x 10(11) M-circle dot. We suggest this source is magnified by a gravitational lens with a magnification of mu greater than or similar to 10, which is consistent with the measured offset from the empirical correlation between CO-line luminosity and width.