Confronting spin-3/2 and other new fermions with the muon g-2 measurement
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J.C. Criado, A. Djouadi, N. Koivunen et al. Confronting spin-3/2 and other new fermions with the muon g-2 measurement. Physics Letters B 820 (2021) 136491. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136491]
SponsorshipScience and Technology Facilities Council ST/P001246/1; European Commission; Eesti Teadusagentuur MOBJD323, MOBTT86, MOBTTP135, PRG803; European Regional Development Fund TK133; Junta de Andalucía A-FQM-211-UGR18, P18-FR-4314
The new measurement of the muon's anomalous magnetic moment released by the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab sets strong constraints on the properties of many new particles. Using an effective field theory approach to the interactions of higher-spin fields, we evaluate the contribution of an electrically neutral and colour singlet spin-3/2 fermion to (g−2)μ and derive the corresponding constraints on its mass and couplings. These constraints are then compared with the ones on spin-1/2 fermions, such as the vector-like leptons that are predicted by various extensions of the Standard Model, the excited leptons which appear in composite models, as well as the charginos and neutralinos of supersymmetric theories. Unlike these new spin-1/2 fermions, the spin-3/2 particles generate only small contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment unless the effective new physics scale is very close to the electroweak scale.