Behavioural Difficulties in Children and Adolescents with Mental Disorders under Extreme Situations
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AuthorGonzález Domenech, Pablo José; Romero Béjar, José Luis; Gutiérrez Rojas, Luis; Jiménez Fernández, Sara; Díaz Atienza, Francisco
COVID-19ConfinementEmotional impactMental disordersChildren and adolescents
Gonzalez-Domenech, P.; Romero-Béjar, J.L.; Gutierrez-Rojas, L.; Jimenez-Fernandez, S.; Diaz-Atienza, F. Behavioural Difficulties in Children and Adolescents with Mental Disorders under Extreme Situations. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4876. https:// doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214876
In 2020, the Governments of many countries maintained different levels of confinement of the population due to the pandemic that produced the COVID-19. There are few studies published on the psychological impact in the child and adolescent population diagnosed with mental disorders, especially during the home confinement stage. Explanatory models based on socio-demographic and clinical variables provide an approximation to level changes in different dimensions of behavioural difficulties. A categorical-response logistic ordinal regression model, based on a cross-sectional study with 139 children and adolescents diagnosed with mental disorders is performed for each dimension under analysis. Most of the socio-demographic and clinical explanatory variables considered (24 of 26) were significant at population level for at least one of the four dimensions of behavioural difficulties (15 response variables) under analysis. Odds-ratios were interpreted to identify risk or protective factors increasing or decreasing severity in the response variable. This analysis provides useful information, making it possible to more readily anticipate critical situations due to extreme events, such as a confinement, in this population.