Facing Phototrophic Microorganisms That Colonize Artistic Fountains and Other Wet Stone Surfaces: Identification Keys
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Green algaeDiatomsCyanobacteriaMicroalgaeStone conservationDiagnosis toolPreservation strategiesBiodeterioration
Bolivar-Galiano, F... [et al.]. Facing Phototrophic Microorganisms That Colonize Artistic Fountains and Other Wet Stone Surfaces: Identification Keys. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 8787. [https://doi.org/10.3390/app11188787]
SponsorshipGOVERNMENT OF ANDALUSIA A-HUM-279-UGR18 P18-FR-4477; European Commission A-HUM-279-UGR18 P18-FR-4477; SPANISH MINISTRY OF ECONOMY AND COMPETITIVENESS PID2019.109713RB.100
All fountains are inhabited by phototrophic microorganisms, especially if they are functional and located outdoors. This fact, along with the regular presence of water and the intrinsic bioreceptivity of stone material, easily favors the biological development. Many of these organisms are responsible for the biodeterioration phenomena and recognizing them could help to define the best strategies for the conservation and maintenance of monumental fountains. The presence of biological growth involves different activities for the conservation of artistic fountains. This paper is a review of the phototrophic biodiversity reported in 46 fountains and gives a whole vision on coping with biodeteriogens of fountains, being an elementary guide for professionals in the field of stone conservation. It is focused on recognizing the main phototrophs by using simplified dichotomous keys for cyanobacteria, green algae and diatoms. Some basic issues related to the handling of the samples and with the control of these types of microalgae are also briefly described, in order to assist interested professionals when dealing with the biodiversity of monumental fountains.