Psychological distress prior to surgery is related to symptom burden and health status in lung cancer survivors
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AuthorLinares Moya, Marta; Rodríguez Torres, Janet; Heredia Ciuró, Alejandro; Granados Santiago, María; López López, Laura; Quero Valenzuela, Florencio; Valenza, Marie Carmen
Lung cancerHealth statusSurvivorsSymptoms
Linares-Moya, M... [et al.]. Psychological distress prior to surgery is related to symptom burden and health status in lung cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer (2021). [https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-021-06537-7]
SponsorshipSpanish Government FPU:16/01531 FPU:17/00408; Ilustre Colegio Profesional de Fisioterapeutas de Andalucia 05158/18P/MA; CRUE-CSIC; Springer Nature
Purpose Patients with lung cancer experience a variety of distressing symptoms which could adversely affect quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine whether psychological distress prior to surgery is associated to health status and symptom burden in lung cancer survivors. Methods A longitudinal observational study with 1‐year follow‐up was carried out. Health status was measured by the WHO Disability Assessment Scale (WHO-DAS 2.0), the Euroqol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Symptoms severity included dyspnoea (Multidimensional Profile of Dyspnoea); pain (Brief Pain Inventory); fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale); and cough (Leicester Cough Questionnaire). Results One hundred seventy-four lung cancer patients were included. Patients in the group with psychological distress presented a worse self-perceived health status, functionality and sleep quality. The group with psychological distress also presented higher dyspnoea, fatigue and pain. Conclusion Patients with psychological distress prior surgery present with a greater symptom burden and a poorer selfperceived health status, lower functionality and sleep quality, than patients without distress 1 year after the lung resection.