A WiFi-Based Sensor Network for Flood Irrigation Control in Agriculture
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AuthorLloret, Jaime; Sendra, Sandra; García Fernández, Julia; García, Laura; Jimenez Herranz, José Miguel
Internet of Things (IoT)AgricultureWireless sensor networks (WSN)Flood irrigationMonitoringCloud serverMobile apps
Lloret, J.; Sendra, S.; García-Fernández, J.; García, L.; Jimenez, J.M. A WiFi-Based Sensor Network for Flood Irrigation Control in Agriculture. Electronics 2021, 10, 2454. https://doi.org/10.3390/ electronics10202454
SponsorshipEuropean Union through the ERANETMED (Euromediterranean Cooperation through ERANET joint activities and beyond) project ERANETMED3- 227 SMARTWATIR, by the “Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad, en el marco del Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017–2020” (Project code: PID2020-114467RR-C33); “Proyectos de innovación de interés general por grupos operativos de la Asociación Europea para la Innovación en materia de productividad y sostenibilidad agrícolas (AEI-Agri)” in the framework “Programa Nacional de Desarrollo Rural 2014–2020”, GO TECNOGAR.; Universitat Politècnica de València through the post-doctoral PAID-10-20 program
The role of agriculture in society is vital due to factors such as providing food for the population, is a major source of employment worldwide, and one of the most important sources of revenue for countries. Furthermore, in recent years, the interest in optimizing the use of water resources has increased due to aspects such as climate change. This has led to the introduction of technology in the fields by means of sensor networks that allow remote monitoring and control of cultivated lands. In this paper, we present a system for flood irrigation in agriculture comprised of a sensor network based on WiFi communication. Different sensors measure atmospheric parameters such as temperature, humidity, and rain, soil parameters such as humidity, and water parameters such as water temperature, salinity, and water height to decide on the need of activating the floodgates for irrigation. The user application displays the data gathered by the sensors, shows a graphical representation of the state of irrigation of each ditch, and allows farmers to manage the irrigation of their fields. Finally, different tests were performed on a plot of vegetables to evaluate the correct performance of the system and the coverage of the sensor network on a vegetated area with different deployment options.