Perfectionism Patterns, Dark Personality, and Exercise Addiction Trend in High-Intensity Sports
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AuthorGonzález Hernández, Juan
González-Hernández, J., Baños, R., Morquecho-Sánchez, R., Pineda-Espejel, H. A., & Chamorro, J. L. (2021). Perfectionism Patterns, Dark Personality, and Exercise Addiction Trend in High-Intensity Sports. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-13. [https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00595-y]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucia European Commission CTS-0267- CTS-980; Universidad de Granada/CBUA
The present work tries to describe the relationships among perfectionism, dark traits of personality, and exercise addiction and according to highly intense sports. Following research on perfectionism in sport, its dysfunctional facet is based on a continuous and negative cognitive-evaluative judgement about the difficulties to achieve the accomplishment of tasks or behaviors that improve their sport performance, describing how athletes configure altered thoughts or cognitive resources in their sport experiences. The Spanish versions of the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Short Dark Triad Scale, and the Exercise Addiction Inventory were applied in a sample of 462 Spanish amateur athletes (39.6% women and 60.4% men). The findings show that a more maladaptive perfectionist pattern (concern over mistakes and external criticism) is related to higher levels of dark personality traits and a greater risk of exercise addiction. However, there are no differences between runners and CrossFit users on the subject of perfectionism, dark traits, and exercise addiction scores.