Which region and which sector leads the circular economy? CEBIX, a multivariant index based on business actions
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AuthorGarcía Sánchez, Isabel María; Somohano Rodríguez, Francisco Manuel; Amor Esteban, Víctor; Frías Aceituno, José Valeriano
Circular economyComposite indexInstitutional environmentEnvironmental proactivityLife cycle approachTechnological cyclesEco-designCUR
Isabel-María García-Sánchez... [et al.]. Which region and which sector leads the circular economy? CEBIX, a multivariant index based on business actions, Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 297, 2021, 113299, ISSN 0301-4797, [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113299]
SponsorshipJunta de Castilla y Leon SA069G18; Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades RTI2018-093423-B-I00; Universidad de Salamanca y Junta de Castilla y Leon y Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional CLU-2019-03 Uni-dad de Excelencia "Gestion Economica para la Sostenibilidad
The circular economy encompasses a sustainable economic model based on a production, consumption, distribution and maintenance process that reuses as much as possible. In this research, the two-step composite Circular Economy Business Index was created, based on 17 environmental practices that companies have implemented to reduce the generation of waste and emissions and to increase the reuse and efficiency of materials and energy, among other actions. The use of a sample of 26,783 companies from 49 countries and 10 sectors for the period 2014–2019 allowed the aggregation of these initiatives at the country and industry levels. In this sense, our results show less progress in the circular transformation worldwide and can be used in the design of policies aimed at promoting changes in production and consumption systems in specific geographic or industrial contexts.