Temporal discrimination from the interaction between dynamic synapses and intrinsic subthreshold oscillations
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Publisher version: Torres, JJ; Baroni, F; Latorre, R; Varona, P. Temporal discrimination from the interaction between dynamic synapses and intrinsic subthreshold oscillations, Neurocomputing Volume 417, 543-557
SponsorshipThis work was supported AEI/FEDER grants FIS2017-84256-P (JJT) and PGC2018-095895-B-I00, DPI2015-65833-P (RL & PV).
The interaction between synaptic and intrinsic dynamics can efficiently shape neuronal input-output relationships in response to temporally structured spike trains. We use a neuron model with subthresh-old oscillations receiving inputs through a synapse with short-term depression and facilitation to show that the combination of intrinsic subthreshold and synaptic dynamics leads to channel-specific nontrivial responses and recognition of specific temporal structures. Our study employs the Generalized Integrate and-Fire (GIF) model, which can be subjected to analytical characterization. We map the temporal structure of spike input trains to the type of spike response, and show how the emergence of nontrivial input- output preferences is modulated by intrinsic and synaptic parameters in a synergistic manner. We demonstrate that these temporal input discrimination properties are robust to noise and to variations in synaptic strength. Furthermore, we also illustrate the presence of these input-output relationships in conductance-based models. Our results suggest a widespread computationally economic and easily tunable mechanism for temporal information discrimination in single neurons. (c) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.