Emergence and interpretation of oscillatory behaviour similar to brain waves and rhythms
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Marro, J; Torres, JJ; Galadi, Javier A.. Emergence and interpretation of oscillatory behaviour similar to brain waves and rhythms. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 83(3):105093
SponsorshipWe acknowledge the Spanish Ministry for Science and Technology and the "Agencia Espanola de Investigacion"(AEI) for financial support under grant FIS2017-84256-P (FEDER funds).
Electroencephalography (EEG) monitors -by either intrusive or noninvasive electrodes-time and frequency variations and spectral content of voltage fluctuations or waves, known as brain rhythms, which in some way uncover activity during both rest periods and specific events in which the subject is under stimulus. This is a useful tool to explore brain behavior, as it complements imaging techniques that have a poorer temporal resolution. We here approach the understanding of EEG data from first principles by numerical simulating and studying a networked model of excitatory and inhibitory neurons which generates a variety of comparable waves. In fact, we thus numerically reproduce oscillatory behavior similar to alpha, beta, gamma and other rhythms as observed by EEG recordings, and identify the details of the respectively involved complex phenomena, including a precise relationship between an input and the collective response to it. It ensues the potentiality of our model to better understand actual brain oscillatory activity in normal and pathological situations, and we also describe kind of stochastic resonance phenomena which could be useful to locate main qualitative changes of brain activity in (e.g.) humans. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.