Lifestyle Factors Influencing Dietary Patterns of University Professors
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AuthorLópez Olivares, María; Nestares Pleguezuelo, María Teresa; Fernández Gómez, Elisabet; Enrique Mirón, Carmen
Mediterranean patternWestern patternProfessorsUniversitySociodemographic factorsHealthy lifestyle
López-Olivares, M.; De Teresa Galván, C.; Nestares, T.; Fernández-Gómez, E.; Enrique-Mirón, C. Lifestyle Factors Influencing Dietary Patterns of University Professors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9777. https:// doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189777
The objectives of this study are to identify eating patterns of university professors and to assess the relationships among sociodemographic factors in relation to lifestyle and physical activity. It is a cross-sectional, descriptive-correlational, and observational study with a representative sample of 127 educators, which covers almost the total population of university professors belonging to one of the campuses of the University of Granada (Spain). Two eating patterns were identified a posteriori through explanatory factor analysis: a Western pattern characterised by the consumption of dairy products, eggs, meat, sausages, refined oils, and butter, sugar, processed baked goods, and sugar-containing beverages and alcoholic drinks, and a Mediterranean pattern based on olive oil, fish, fruits, nuts, vegetables, pulses, cereals, and honey, which explain the 20.102 and 17.411 of variance, respectively. Significant differences are observed between the two genders with respect to anthropometric characteristics (weight and size, p < 0.001 in both cases) and to nutritional status (p = 0.011). Origin (p = 0.022) and level of physical activity (p = 0.010) were significantly related to adherence to a Western diet pattern. In the case of the Mediterranean diet pattern, significant differences are observed according to the professors’ type of bachelor’s degree (p = 0.37). This study provides evidence on factors having an impact on adherence to eating patterns of professors of the University of Granada, and it suggests that programmes addressed to such groups should be developed to promote health.