Business ecosystem embeddedness to enhance supply chain competence: the key role of external knowledge capacities
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AuthorRiquelme Medina, Marta; Stevenson, Mark; Barrales Molina, Vanesa; Llorens Montes, Francisco J.
Taylor & Francis
Supply chain competenceBusiness ecosystem embeddednessAbsorptive capacityDesorptive capacityConnective capacity
Marta Riquelme-Medina... [et al.] (2021). Business ecosystem embeddedness to enhance supply chain competence: the key role of external knowledge capacities, Production Planning & Control, DOI: [10.1080/09537287.2021.1951389]
SponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy and Business ECO2017-84138-P; Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities FPU16/04712 EST18/00138; FEDER/Junta de AndaluciaMinistry of Economy and Knowledge A-SEJ-154-UGR18
Interest in business ecosystems has grown exponentially over the last decade. This article focuses on the operational benefits of business ecosystems by investigating how embeddedness in business ecosystems influences supply chain competence. Specifically, it considers the mediating effect of external knowledge capacities (i.e. absorptive, desorptive and connective capacity). Data from 271 European firms in business ecosystems was collected to test the paper’s hypotheses using regression analysis with bootstrapping. Results indicate that business ecosystem embeddedness does not in itself improve supply chain competence. Rather, the relationship is explained through (i) absorptive and desorptive capacity as direct mediators; and (ii) connective capacity, which enhances supply chain competence indirectly by improving external knowledge retention for absorptive and desorptive capacity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper to demonstrate benefits of being embedded in business ecosystems other than in terms of innovation. Newly validated scales for business ecosystem embeddedness and connective capacity are provided.