Effect of Virtual Reality Exercises on the Cognitive Status and Dual Motor Task Performance of the Aging Population
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Virtual drivingPhysical ActivityBehavioral statusMental stateOlder men
Nobari, H.; Rezaei, S.; Sheikh, M.; Fuentes-García, J.P.; Pérez-Gómez, J. Effect of Virtual Reality Exercises on the Cognitive Status and Dual Motor Task Performance of the Aging Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18158005
Aging is a global phenomenon affecting numerous developed and developing countries. During this process, the functional state of the body, especially the cognitive state, declines. This research investigated the impact of virtual reality exercises on the cognitive status and dual-task performance in the elderly of Tabriz city, Iran. Forty men with a mean age of 71.5 were selected and assigned to either the experimental (n = 20) or control groups (n = 20). Both groups completed the Mini-Mental State Examination for cognitive status. The pre-test was performed through the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) along with a countdown of numbers. Then, the experimental group practiced virtual driving for six weeks, while the control group received no treatment. After the treatment, both groups completed the post-test. At each stage, the test was performed as a dual motor task as well. Data were analyzed using the paired t-test and the independent sample t-test to show the intra-group and inter-group differences, respectively. The results showed a significant improvement in the cognitive status and dual-task performance of the elderly men after the six-week training period, which was also significant compared to the control group. Virtual reality driving can be used to improve the cognitive status and dual task performance of elderly men.