Analyzing the Scientific Evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals
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AuthorDíaz López, Carmen; Martín Blanco, Cathaysa Esther; De la Torre Bayo, Juan Jesús; Rubio Rivera, Benito; Zamorano Toro, Montserrat
Analysis of science mappingBibliometric analysisSciMATSustainable Development GoalsSystematic literature review
Díaz-López, C.; Martín-Blanco, C.; De la Torre Bayo, J.J.; Rubio-Rivera, B.; Zamorano, M. Analyzing the Scientific Evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 8286. https:// doi.org/10.3390/app11188286
SponsorshipFEDER/Junta de Andalucía-Consejería de Economía y Conocimiento, thanks to the project “Design of strategists to face the impact of COVID-19 on the compliance with the SDGs in Andalusia”, reference number CV20-01172
Development must balance social, economic, and environmental sustainability; it is for this reason that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are integrated, in fact, action in one of them will affect outcomes in others. In consequence, research on the SDGs is broad, complex, and fragmented due to the great diversity of disciplines and approaches involved, making it difficult to obtain valuable and unbiased information for future studies. As a result, a comprehensive review of contributions could provide a comprehensive critical perspective. This article applies SciMAT software to analyze the evolution of this field of research through a systematic literature review of bibliographic records on the SDGs and a review based on bibliometric analysis of 10,272 selected records. Additionally, hidden themes and their development in this field from 1990 to 2020 have been identified to produce strategic diagrams, graphs of thematic evolution and performance indicators of the research field in different periods. The results obtained show a constantly evolving scientific field, from its initial focus on the millennium goals to the gradual inclusion of the current SDGs. They provide field experts with a comprehensive overview of the status quo and predict the dynamic directions of future research, serving as a basis for the development of new strategies for the implementation of the SDGs.